What is diabetes (dm) and what are its symptoms are two common questions asked daily.

Diabetes, also known by medical doctors as diabetes mellitus, is a metabolic disease where a person has a high blood glucose which is known as blood sugar.  This is due to an inadequate production of insulin production, or due to body’s cells that are not responding to insulin.  In some cases it could both of the above mentioned.

Diabetes Symptoms in Women

A few common symptoms or signs of diabetes is frequent urination, an increase in thirst, a feeling of intense hunger, weight gain, weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that take a considerable amount of time to heal, or not heal, male sexual problems, a tingling and numbness in hands and feet.

Diabetes can be a long-term condition causing blood sugar levels to rise high.

Types of Diabetes:.

*  Type 1 Diabetes – the body does not produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are Type 1.
Type 1 diabetes commonly known as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in yearly adulthood or teenage years.

Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure
proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.

*  Type 2 Diabetes – the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Approximately 90% of all cases
of diabetes worldwide are of this type.

*  Gestational Diabetes – this type affects females during pregnancy.

You can live a normal life with diabetes.  You must take care in your eating and exercise routine to help you have a better lifestyle.

*Type 1 and follow a healthy eating plan, do adequate exercise, and take insulin, you can lead a normal life.

*Type 2 patients need to eat healthily, be physically active, and test their blood glucose. They may also need to take oral medication, and/or insulin to control blood glucose levels.

Cardiovascular disease is a much higher risk for a diabetic.  Ones blood pressure and cholesterol levels should be monitored regularly.

As smoking might have a serious effect on cardiovascular health, diabetics should stop smoking.

2 Terms for the affect on a persons blood sugar:

* Hypoglycemia – low blood glucose.
* Hyperglycemia – when blood glucose is too high.

Both can have an adverse affect on ones blood sugar.  It is dangerous to have Your blood sugar too high as well as too low.

What Are Some Causes of Diabetes

Being overweight puts one at a higher risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.  Obesity causes the body to release chemicals that can destabilize the body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems.

*Men with low levels of testosterone have a higher risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.

*Those with a close relative who had/had type 2 diabetes are at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.

*Aging and becoming less active can be a key in developing Type 2 Diabetes.

*Consuming surgery drinks, desserts, breads and certain carbs can be a factor in developing Type 2 Diabetes.

It is important for individuals to watch for the early signs of diabetes and its symtoms.  One can follow a pre diabetes diet in an attempt to slow or hinder diabetes from becoming occuring.

What is Prediabetes

Most of those with type 2 diabetes initially had prediabetes. Your glucose levels are affected.  This is when your blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to rinder a diabetes diagnosis.  This is when the cells in the body are becoming resistant to insulin. Studies have indicated that even at the prediabetes stage, some damage to the circulatory system and the heart may already have occurred.